New Emissions Regulations to Benefit Smaller Engines

ACT Research reports use of smaller engines continues to grow in the heavy-duty truck market, and will benefit from future emissions regulations.

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According to the recently released N.A. Commercial Vehicle On-Highway Engine OUTLOOK published by ACT Research and Rhein Associates, engines over 10 L accounted for 87% of Class 8 production in 2019 because of the high demand for tractors in the peak-cycle year. Demand for under 10 L engines, used mostly in trucks, was softer last year. Additionally, the report noted that emission impacts in 2024 will benefit smaller/under 10 L engines that are forecast to be about 16% of the market.

Andrew Wrobel, Global Market Intelligence Commercial Vehicle and Off-Highway Forecasts of Rhein Associates, comments, “It is anticipated that trucks will increase use of smaller displacement engines, while the forecast predicts a gradual reduction in favor of the 12-14 L category for use in tractors, as opposed to the over 14 L category. We expect the 12-14 L engine segment to dominate in tractor-use demand by 2024.” Regarding Classes 5-7, Wrobel says, “In this market, the current metric of interest is gasoline penetration, which continues to gain share, and is forecast to hit nearly 24% of the market by 2024.”

Kenny Vieth, President and Senior Analyst at ACT Research, notes, “North America’s Class 8 truck and tractor production had a banner year in 2019, with tractor production up more than 4% year-over-year and truck build nearly 9% above 2018’s year-end total.”

He adds, “The vehicle, or more accurately, the application of the vehicle directly correlates to the type of engine needed.”

Vieth elaborates, “That said, the EPA and CARB are both working on regulatory initiatives to address NOx emissions from heavy-duty on-road trucks, which could result in different engine purchase patterns, including a potential switch to alternative fueled engines/electric power, in the out-years of our forecasts.”